// @(#)root/cont:$Id$
// Author: Philippe Canal 05/02/01

 * Copyright (C) 1995-2000, Rene Brun and Fons Rademakers.               *
 * All rights reserved.                                                  *
 *                                                                       *
 * For the licensing terms see $ROOTSYS/LICENSE.                         *
 * For the list of contributors see $ROOTSYS/README/CREDITS.             *

#ifndef ROOT_TBits
#define ROOT_TBits

//                                                                      //
// TBits                                                                //
//                                                                      //
// Container of bits.                                                   //
//                                                                      //

#ifndef ROOT_TObject
#include "TObject.h"
#ifndef ROOT_Riosfwd
#include "Riosfwd.h"
#ifndef __CINT__
#include <string.h>

class TBits : public TObject {


   UInt_t   fNbits;         // Highest bit set + 1
   UInt_t   fNbytes;        // Number of UChars in fAllBits
   UChar_t *fAllBits;       //[fNbytes] array of UChars

   void ReserveBytes(UInt_t nbytes);
   void DoAndEqual(const TBits& rhs);
   void DoOrEqual (const TBits& rhs);
   void DoXorEqual(const TBits& rhs);
   void DoLeftShift(UInt_t shift);
   void DoRightShift(UInt_t shift);
   void DoFlip();

   TBits(UInt_t nbits = 8);
   TBits(const TBits&);
   TBits& operator=(const TBits&);
   virtual ~TBits();

   class TReference {
      friend class TBits;

      TBits  &fBits; //!
      UInt_t  fPos;  //!

      TReference(); // left undefined

      TReference(TBits& bit, UInt_t pos) : fBits(bit),fPos(pos) { }
      ~TReference() { }

       // For b[i] = val;
      TReference& operator=(Bool_t val);

      // For b[i] = b[__j];
      TReference& operator=(const TReference& rhs);

#ifndef __CINT__
      // Flips the bit
      Bool_t operator~() const;

      // For val = b[i];
      operator Bool_t() const;

   //----- bit manipulation
   //----- (note the difference with TObject's bit manipulations)
   void   ResetAllBits(Bool_t value=kFALSE);  // if value=1 set all bits to 1
   void   ResetBitNumber(UInt_t bitnumber);
   void   SetBitNumber(UInt_t bitnumber, Bool_t value = kTRUE);
   Bool_t TestBitNumber(UInt_t bitnumber) const;

   //----- Accessors and operator
   TBits::TReference operator[](UInt_t bitnumber) { return TReference(*this,bitnumber); }
   Bool_t operator[](UInt_t bitnumber) const;

   TBits& operator&=(const TBits& rhs) { DoAndEqual(rhs); return *this; }
   TBits& operator|=(const TBits& rhs) {  DoOrEqual(rhs); return *this; }
   TBits& operator^=(const TBits& rhs) { DoXorEqual(rhs); return *this; }
   TBits& operator<<=(UInt_t rhs) { DoLeftShift(rhs); return *this; }
   TBits& operator>>=(UInt_t rhs) { DoRightShift(rhs); return *this; }
   TBits  operator<<(UInt_t rhs) { return TBits(*this)<<= rhs; }
   TBits  operator>>(UInt_t rhs) { return TBits(*this)>>= rhs; }
   TBits  operator~() { TBits res(*this); res.DoFlip(); return res; }

   //----- Optimized setters
   // Each of these will replace the contents of the receiver with the bitvector
   // in the parameter array.  The number of bits is changed to nbits.  If nbits
   // is smaller than fNbits, the receiver will NOT be compacted.
   void   Set(UInt_t nbits, const Char_t *array);
   void   Set(UInt_t nbits, const UChar_t *array) { Set(nbits, (const Char_t*)array); }
   void   Set(UInt_t nbits, const Short_t *array);
   void   Set(UInt_t nbits, const UShort_t *array) { Set(nbits, (const Short_t*)array); }
   void   Set(UInt_t nbits, const Int_t *array);
   void   Set(UInt_t nbits, const UInt_t *array) { Set(nbits, (const Int_t*)array); }
   void   Set(UInt_t nbits, const Long64_t *array);
   void   Set(UInt_t nbits, const ULong64_t *array) { Set(nbits, (const Long64_t*)array); }

   //----- Optimized getters
   // Each of these will replace the contents of the parameter array with the
   // bits in the receiver.  The parameter array must be large enough to hold
   // all of the bits in the receiver.
   // Note on semantics: any bits in the parameter array that go beyond the
   // number of the bits in the receiver will have an unspecified value.  For
   // example, if you call Get(Int*) with an array of one integer and the TBits
   // object has less than 32 bits, then the remaining bits in the integer will
   // have an unspecified value.
   void   Get(Char_t *array) const;
   void   Get(UChar_t *array) const { Get((Char_t*)array); }
   void   Get(Short_t *array) const;
   void   Get(UShort_t *array) const { Get((Short_t*)array); }
   void   Get(Int_t *array) const;
   void   Get(UInt_t *array) const { Get((Int_t*)array); }
   void   Get(Long64_t *array) const;
   void   Get(ULong64_t *array) const { Get((Long64_t*)array); }

   //----- Utilities
   void    Clear(Option_t *option="");
   void    Compact();               // Reduce the space used.
   UInt_t  CountBits(UInt_t startBit=0)     const ;  // return number of bits set to 1
   UInt_t  FirstNullBit(UInt_t startBit=0)  const;
   UInt_t  FirstSetBit(UInt_t startBit=0)   const;
   UInt_t  LastNullBit(UInt_t startBit=999999999) const;
   UInt_t  LastSetBit(UInt_t startBit=999999999)  const;
   UInt_t  GetNbits()      const { return fNbits; }
   UInt_t  GetNbytes()     const { return fNbytes; }

   Bool_t  operator==(const TBits &other) const;
   Bool_t  operator!=(const TBits &other) const { return !(*this==other); }

   void    Paint(Option_t *option="");        // to visualize the bits array as an histogram, etc
   void    Print(Option_t *option="") const;  // to show the list of active bits
   void    Output(std::ostream &) const;

   ClassDef(TBits,1)        // Bit container

inline Bool_t operator&(const TBits::TReference& lhs, const TBits::TReference& rhs)
   return (Bool_t)lhs & rhs;

inline Bool_t operator|(const TBits::TReference& lhs, const TBits::TReference& rhs)
   return (Bool_t)lhs | rhs;

inline Bool_t operator^(const TBits::TReference& lhs, const TBits::TReference& rhs)
   return (Bool_t)lhs ^ rhs;

inline TBits operator&(const TBits& lhs, const TBits& rhs)
   TBits result(lhs);
   result &= rhs;
   return result;

inline TBits operator|(const TBits& lhs, const TBits& rhs)
   TBits result(lhs);
   result |= rhs;
   return result;

inline TBits operator^(const TBits& lhs, const TBits& rhs)
   TBits result(lhs);
   result ^= rhs;
   return result;

inline std::ostream &operator<<(std::ostream& os, const TBits& rhs)
   rhs.Output(os); return os;

// inline functions...

inline void TBits::SetBitNumber(UInt_t bitnumber, Bool_t value)
   // Set bit number 'bitnumber' to be value

   if (bitnumber >= fNbits) {
      UInt_t new_size = (bitnumber/8) + 1;
      if (new_size > fNbytes) {
         new_size *= 2;
         UChar_t *old_location = fAllBits;
         fAllBits = new UChar_t[new_size];
         memset(fAllBits+fNbytes ,0, new_size-fNbytes);
         fNbytes = new_size;
         delete [] old_location;
      fNbits = bitnumber+1;
   UInt_t  loc = bitnumber/8;
   UChar_t bit = bitnumber%8;
   if (value)
      fAllBits[loc] |= (1<<bit);
      fAllBits[loc] &= (0xFF ^ (1<<bit));

inline Bool_t TBits::TestBitNumber(UInt_t bitnumber) const
   // Return the current value of the bit

   if (bitnumber >= fNbits) return kFALSE;
   UInt_t  loc = bitnumber/8;
   UChar_t value = fAllBits[loc];
   UChar_t bit = bitnumber%8;
   Bool_t  result = (value & (1<<bit)) != 0;
   return result;
   // short: return 0 != (fAllBits[bitnumber/8] & (1<< (bitnumber%8)));

inline void TBits::ResetBitNumber(UInt_t bitnumber)

inline Bool_t TBits::operator[](UInt_t bitnumber) const
   return TestBitNumber(bitnumber);

inline TBits::TReference& TBits::TReference::operator=(Bool_t val)
   // For b[i] = val.

   fBits.SetBitNumber(fPos,val); return *this;

inline TBits::TReference& TBits::TReference::operator=(const TReference& rhs)
   // For b[i] = b[__j].

   fBits.SetBitNumber(fPos,rhs.fBits.TestBitNumber(rhs.fPos)); return *this;

#ifndef __CINT__
inline Bool_t TBits::TReference::operator~() const
   // Flips the bit.

   return !fBits.TestBitNumber(fPos);

inline TBits::TReference::operator Bool_t() const
   // For val = b[i].

   return fBits.TestBitNumber(fPos);