Logo ROOT   6.21/01
Reference Guide
GDML tools

GDML tools for geometry classes.

The $ROOTSYS/gdml directory contains a set of Python modules designed for writing out Geometry Description Markup Language (GDML) files. There is also a C++ implementation for the import of GDML into ROOT. They act as a converter between the GDML geometry files and the TGeo geometry structures (and vice versa).

GDML->ROOT

As this binding is integrated into the ROOT installation, you need to enable the use of the binding at the configure point of the ROOT installation. This can be done like so:

./configure --enable-gdml

On doing this the libraries will be built by issuing the standard ROOT make command. The GDML to TGeo converter uses the TXMLEngine to parse the GDML files. This XML parser is a DOM parser and returns the DOM tree to the class TGDMLParse. This class then interprets the GDML file and adds the bindings in their TGeo equivalent.

The GDML schema is fully supported with a few exceptions:

These will hopefully be added in the near future.

Once you have enabled GDML in the configure process for ROOT, to import a GDML file, this can be done using TGeoManager::Import. This automatically calls the right method to parse the GDML by detecting the .gdml file extension. Here is how to do it:

TGeoManager::Import("test.gdml");

Replace test.gdml with the gdml filename you want to import. Once the GDML file has been successfully imported, you can view the geometry by calling:

gGeoManager->GetTopVolume()->Draw("ogl");

For any questions or comments about the GDML->ROOT binding please contact ben.l.nosp@m.loyd.nosp@m.@cern.nosp@m..ch

ROOT->GDML

The TGeo to GDML converter allows to export ROOT geometries (TGeo geometry trees) as GDML files. The writer module writes a GDML file out of the 'in-memory' representation of the geometry. The actual application-specific (ROOT) binding is implemented in ROOTwriter module. It contains 'binding methods' for TGeo geometry classes which can be exported in GDML format. Please refere to the comment part of the ROOTwriter.py file for the list of presently supported TGeo classes. The ROOTwriter class contains also three methods, dumpMaterials, dumpSolids and examineVol which need to be called in order to export materials, solids and geometry tree respectively.

The TGeo to GDML converter is now interfaced to the TGeoManager::Export method which automatically calls the appropriate Python scripts whenever the geometry output file has the .gdml extension.

Alternatively, one can also use the ROOT->GDML converter directly from the Python prompt (assuming the TGeo geometry has already been loaded into memory in one or another way), for example:

from math import *
import ROOT
import writer
import ROOTwriter
# get TGeoManager and
# get the top volume of the existing (in-memory) geometry tree
geomgr = ROOT.gGeoManager
topV = geomgr.GetTopVolume()
# instanciate writer
gdmlwriter = writer.writer('mygeo.gdml')
binding = ROOTwriter.ROOTwriter(gdmlwriter)
# dump materials
matlist = geomgr.GetListOfMaterials()
binding.dumpMaterials(matlist)
# dump solids
shapelist = geomgr.GetListOfShapes()
binding.dumpSolids(shapelist)
# dump geo tree
print 'Traversing geometry tree'
gdmlwriter.addSetup('default', '1.0', topV.GetName())
binding.examineVol(topV)
# write file
gdmlwriter.writeFile()

For all other functionality questions or comments, or even GDML in general, please email Witol.nosp@m.d.Po.nosp@m.korsk.nosp@m.i@ce.nosp@m.rn.ch

Classes

class  TGDMLMatrix
 This class is used in the process of reading and writing the GDML "matrix" tag. More...
 
class  TGDMLParse
 This class contains the implementation of the GDML parser associated to all the supported GDML elements. More...
 
class  TGDMLRefl
 This class is a helper class for TGDMLParse. More...
 
class  TGDMLWrite
 This class contains implementation of converting ROOT's gGeoManager geometry to GDML file. More...