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1/// \file
2/// \ingroup tutorial_hist
3/// \notebook
4/// Example of a canvas showing two histograms with different scales.
5/// The second histogram is drawn in a transparent pad
7/// \macro_image
8/// \macro_code
10/// \author Rene Brun
12void transpad() {
13 TCanvas *c1 = new TCanvas("c1","transparent pad",200,10,700,500);
14 TPad *pad1 = new TPad("pad1","",0,0,1,1);
15 TPad *pad2 = new TPad("pad2","",0,0,1,1);
16 pad2->SetFillStyle(4000); //will be transparent
17 pad1->Draw();
18 pad1->cd();
20 TH1F *h1 = new TH1F("h1","h1",100,-3,3);
21 TH1F *h2 = new TH1F("h2","h2",100,-3,3);
22 TRandom r;
23 for (Int_t i=0;i<100000;i++) {
24 Double_t x1 = r.Gaus(-1,0.5);
25 Double_t x2 = r.Gaus(1,1.5);
26 if (i <1000) h1->Fill(x1);
27 h2->Fill(x2);
28 }
29 h1->Draw();
30 pad1->Update(); //this will force the generation of the "stats" box
32 ps1->SetX1NDC(0.4); ps1->SetX2NDC(0.6);
33 pad1->Modified();
34 c1->cd();
36 //compute the pad range with suitable margins
37 Double_t ymin = 0;
38 Double_t ymax = 2000;
39 Double_t dy = (ymax-ymin)/0.8; //10 per cent margins top and bottom
40 Double_t xmin = -3;
41 Double_t xmax = 3;
42 Double_t dx = (xmax-xmin)/0.8; //10 per cent margins left and right
43 pad2->Range(xmin-0.1*dx,ymin-0.1*dy,xmax+0.1*dx,ymax+0.1*dy);
44 pad2->Draw();
45 pad2->cd();
46 h2->SetLineColor(kRed);
47 h2->Draw("][sames");
48 pad2->Update();
49 TPaveStats *ps2 = (TPaveStats*)h2->GetListOfFunctions()->FindObject("stats");
50 ps2->SetX1NDC(0.65); ps2->SetX2NDC(0.85);
51 ps2->SetTextColor(kRed);
53 // draw axis on the right side of the pad
54 TGaxis *axis = new TGaxis(xmax,ymin,xmax,ymax,ymin,ymax,50510,"+L");
55 axis->SetLabelColor(kRed);
56 axis->Draw();
ROOT::R::TRInterface & r
Definition: Object.C:4
static const double x2[5]
static const double x1[5]
int Int_t
Definition: RtypesCore.h:45
double Double_t
Definition: RtypesCore.h:59
@ kRed
Definition: Rtypes.h:66
float xmin
Definition: THbookFile.cxx:95
float ymin
Definition: THbookFile.cxx:95
float xmax
Definition: THbookFile.cxx:95
float ymax
Definition: THbookFile.cxx:95
virtual void SetLineColor(Color_t lcolor)
Set the line color.
Definition: TAttLine.h:40
virtual void SetTextColor(Color_t tcolor=1)
Set the text color.
Definition: TAttText.h:43
The Canvas class.
Definition: TCanvas.h:23
The axis painter class.
Definition: TGaxis.h:23
void SetLabelColor(Int_t labelcolor)
Definition: TGaxis.h:104
1-D histogram with a float per channel (see TH1 documentation)}
Definition: TH1.h:575
virtual Int_t Fill(Double_t x)
Increment bin with abscissa X by 1.
Definition: TH1.cxx:3350
TList * GetListOfFunctions() const
Definition: TH1.h:243
virtual void Draw(Option_t *option="")
Draw this histogram with options.
Definition: TH1.cxx:3073
virtual TObject * FindObject(const char *name) const
Find an object in this list using its name.
Definition: TList.cxx:578
virtual void Draw(Option_t *option="")
Default Draw method for all objects.
Definition: TObject.cxx:197
The most important graphics class in the ROOT system.
Definition: TPad.h:26
void SetFillStyle(Style_t fstyle) override
Override TAttFill::FillStyle for TPad because we want to handle style=0 as style 4000.
Definition: TPad.cxx:5921
void Range(Double_t x1, Double_t y1, Double_t x2, Double_t y2) override
Set world coordinate system for the pad.
Definition: TPad.cxx:5200
void Update() override
Update pad.
Definition: TPad.cxx:2855
void Modified(Bool_t flag=1) override
Definition: TPad.h:414
TVirtualPad * cd(Int_t subpadnumber=0) override
Set Current pad.
Definition: TPad.cxx:603
void Draw(Option_t *option="") override
Draw Pad in Current pad (re-parent pad if necessary).
Definition: TPad.cxx:1299
The histogram statistics painter class.
Definition: TPaveStats.h:18
virtual void SetX1NDC(Double_t x1)
Definition: TPave.h:78
virtual void SetX2NDC(Double_t x2)
Definition: TPave.h:79
This is the base class for the ROOT Random number generators.
Definition: TRandom.h:27
return c1
Definition: legend1.C:41
TH1F * h1
Definition: legend1.C:5