// top doc Doxygen page for smatrix
/**
\page SMatrix SMatrix Package
@b SMatrix is a C++ package for high performance vector and matrix
computations. It can be used only in problems when the size of the matrices is known
at compile time, like in the tracking reconstruction of HEP experiments. It is based on a C++ technique, called expression templates, to achieve an high level optimization. The C++ templates can be used to implement vector and matrix
expressions such that these expressions can be transformed at compile time to
code which is equivalent to hand optimized code in a low-level language like FORTRAN
or C (see for example ref. 1)
The SMatrix has been developed initially by T. Glebe of the Max-Planck-Institut, Heidelberg, as part of the HeraB analysis framework. A subset of the original package has been now incorporated in the %ROOT distribution, with the aim to provide to the LHC experiments a stand-alone and high performant matrix package for reconstruction. The API of the current package differs from the original one, in order to be compliant to the %ROOT coding conventions.

SMatrix contains generic \ref SMatrixSVector to describe matrix and vector of arbitrary dimensions and of arbitrary type. The classes are templated on the scalar type and on the size of the matrix (number of rows and columns) or the vector. Therefore, the size has to be known at compile time. Since the release 5.10, SMatrix supports symmetric matrices using a storage class (ROOT::Math::MatRepSym) which contains only the N*(N+1)/2 independent element of a NxN symmetric matrix.

It is not in the mandate of this package to provide a complete linear algebra functionality for these classes. What is provided are basic \ref MatrixFunctions and \ref VectFunction, such as the matrix-matrix, matrix-vector, vector-vector operations, plus some extra functionality for square matrices, like inversion, which is based on the optimized Cramer method for squared matrices of size up to 6x6, and determinant calculation.

For a more detailed descriptions and usage examples see:

- \ref SVectorDoc
- \ref SMatrixDoc
- \ref MatVecFunctions

The SMatrix package contains only header files. Normally one does not need to build any library. In the %ROOT distribution a library, *libSmatrix* is produced with the C++ dictionary information for vectors, symmetric and squared matrices for double, float types up to dimension 7.

The current version of SMatrix can be downloaded from here. If you want to install the header files or run the test *configure* script and then *make install* or *make check* to build the tests. No dictionary library is built in this case.

## References

- T. Veldhuizen,
*Expression Templates*, C++ Report, 1995.
- T. Glebe,
*SMatrix - A high performance library for Vector/Matrix calculation and Vertexing*, HERA-B Software Note 01-134, December 2, 2003 (pdf)
- L. Moneta, %ROOT Math proposal for Linear Algebra, presentation at the LCG Application Area meeting, November 23, 2005

@authors the %ROOT Math Library Team, T. Glebe (original SMatrix author) and J. Palacios (LHCb)

@b Contact:
*/