ROOT   Reference Guide
eta.h
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1// @(#)root/mathcore:$Id$
2// Authors: W. Brown, M. Fischler, L. Moneta 2005
3
4 /**********************************************************************
5 * *
6 * Copyright (c) 2005 , FNAL MathLib Team *
7 * *
8 * *
9 **********************************************************************/
10
11
12// Header source file for function calculating eta
13//
14// Created by: Lorenzo Moneta at 14 Jun 2007
15
16
17#ifndef ROOT_Math_GenVector_eta
18#define ROOT_Math_GenVector_eta 1
19
21
22
23#include <limits>
24#include <cmath>
25
26
27namespace ROOT {
28
29 namespace Math {
30
31 namespace Impl {
32
33 /**
34 Calculate eta given rho and zeta.
35 This formula is faster than the standard calculation (below) from log(tan(theta/2)
36 but one has to be careful when rho is much smaller than z (large eta values)
37 Formula is eta = log( zs + sqrt(zs^2 + 1) ) where zs = z/rho
38
39 For large value of z_scaled (tan(theta) ) one can appoximate the sqrt via a Taylor expansion
40 We do the approximation of the sqrt if the numerical error is of the same order of second term of
41 the sqrt.expansion:
42 eps > 1/zs^4 => zs > 1/(eps^0.25)
43
44 When rho == 0 we use etaMax (see definition in etaMax.h)
45
46 */
47 template<typename Scalar>
49 if (rho > 0) {
50
51 // value to control Taylor expansion of sqrt
52 static const Scalar big_z_scaled = pow(std::numeric_limits<Scalar>::epsilon(), static_cast<Scalar>(-.25));
53
54 Scalar z_scaled = z/rho;
55 if (std::fabs(z_scaled) < big_z_scaled) {
56 return log(z_scaled + sqrt(z_scaled * z_scaled + 1.0));
57 } else {
58 // apply correction using first order Taylor expansion of sqrt
59 return z > 0 ? log(2.0 * z_scaled + 0.5 / z_scaled) : -log(-2.0 * z_scaled);
60 }
61 }
62 // case vector has rho = 0
63 else if (z==0) {
64 return 0;
65 }
66 else if (z>0) {
67 return z + etaMax<Scalar>();
68 }
69 else {
70 return z - etaMax<Scalar>();
71 }
72
73 }
74
75
76 /**
77 Implementation of eta from -log(tan(theta/2)).
78 This is convenient when theta is already known (for example in a polar coorindate system)
79 */
80 template<typename Scalar>
82 Scalar tanThetaOver2 = tan(theta / 2.);
83 if (tanThetaOver2 == 0) {
84 return r + etaMax<Scalar>();
85 }
86 else if (tanThetaOver2 > std::numeric_limits<Scalar>::max()) {
87 return -r - etaMax<Scalar>();
88 }
89 else {
90 return -log(tanThetaOver2);
91 }
92
93 }
94
95 } // end namespace Impl
96
97 } // namespace Math
98
99} // namespace ROOT
100
101
102#endif /* ROOT_Math_GenVector_etaMax */
ROOT::R::TRInterface & r
Definition: Object.C:4
double pow(double, double)
double tan(double)
double log(double)
Namespace for new Math classes and functions.
Scalar Eta_FromTheta(Scalar theta, Scalar r)
Implementation of eta from -log(tan(theta/2)).
Definition: eta.h:81
Scalar Eta_FromRhoZ(Scalar rho, Scalar z)
Calculate eta given rho and zeta.
Definition: eta.h:48
VecExpr< UnaryOp< Sqrt< T >, VecExpr< A, T, D >, T >, T, D > sqrt(const VecExpr< A, T, D > &rhs)
VecExpr< UnaryOp< Fabs< T >, VecExpr< A, T, D >, T >, T, D > fabs(const VecExpr< A, T, D > &rhs)
Rotation3D::Scalar Scalar
tbb::task_arena is an alias of tbb::interface7::task_arena, which doesn't allow to forward declare tb...
Definition: StringConv.hxx:21
REAL epsilon
Definition: triangle.c:617