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Reference Guide
tree2.C File Reference

Detailed Description

View in nbviewer Open in SWAN This example illustrates how to make a Tree from variables or arrays in a C struct - without a dictionary, by creating the branches for builtin types (int, float, double) and arrays explicitly. See tree2a.C for the same example using a class with dictionary instead of a C-struct.

In this example, we are mapping a C struct to one of the Geant3 common blocks /gctrak/. In the real life, this common will be filled by Geant3 at each step and only the Tree Fill function should be called. The example emulates the Geant3 step routines.

to run the example, do:

.x tree2.C to execute with the Cling interpreter
.x tree2.C++ to execute with native compiler
#include "TFile.h"
#include "TTree.h"
#include "TH2.h"
#include "TRandom.h"
#include "TCanvas.h"
#include "TMath.h"
const Int_t MAXMEC = 30;
typedef struct {
Float_t vect[7];
Float_t getot;
Float_t gekin;
Float_t vout[7];
Int_t nmec;
Int_t lmec[MAXMEC];
Int_t namec[MAXMEC];
Int_t nstep;
Int_t pid;
Float_t destep;
Float_t destel;
Float_t safety;
Float_t sleng;
Float_t step;
Float_t sfield;
Float_t tofg;
Float_t gekrat;
Float_t upwght;
} Gctrak_t;
void helixStep(Float_t step, Float_t *vect, Float_t *vout)
{
// extrapolate track in constant field
Float_t field = 20; //magnetic field in kilogauss
enum Evect {kX,kY,kZ,kPX,kPY,kPZ,kPP};
vout[kPP] = vect[kPP];
Float_t h4 = field*2.99792e-4;
Float_t rho = -h4/vect[kPP];
Float_t tet = rho*step;
Float_t tsint = tet*tet/6;
Float_t sintt = 1 - tsint;
Float_t sint = tet*sintt;
Float_t cos1t = tet/2;
Float_t f1 = step*sintt;
Float_t f2 = step*cos1t;
Float_t f3 = step*tsint*vect[kPZ];
Float_t f4 = -tet*cos1t;
Float_t f5 = sint;
Float_t f6 = tet*cos1t*vect[kPZ];
vout[kX] = vect[kX] + (f1*vect[kPX] - f2*vect[kPY]);
vout[kY] = vect[kY] + (f1*vect[kPY] + f2*vect[kPX]);
vout[kZ] = vect[kZ] + (f1*vect[kPZ] + f3);
vout[kPX] = vect[kPX] + (f4*vect[kPX] - f5*vect[kPY]);
vout[kPY] = vect[kPY] + (f4*vect[kPY] + f5*vect[kPX]);
vout[kPZ] = vect[kPZ] + (f4*vect[kPZ] + f6);
}
void tree2w()
{
//create a Tree file tree2.root
//create the file, the Tree and a few branches with
//a subset of gctrak
TFile f("tree2.root","recreate");
TTree t2("t2","a Tree with data from a fake Geant3");
Gctrak_t gstep;
t2.Branch("vect",gstep.vect,"vect[7]/F");
t2.Branch("getot",&gstep.getot);
t2.Branch("gekin",&gstep.gekin);
t2.Branch("nmec",&gstep.nmec);
t2.Branch("lmec",gstep.lmec,"lmec[nmec]/I");
t2.Branch("destep",&gstep.destep);
t2.Branch("pid",&gstep.pid);
//Initialize particle parameters at first point
Float_t px,py,pz,p,charge=0;
Float_t vout[7];
Float_t mass = 0.137;
Bool_t newParticle = kTRUE;
gstep.step = 0.1;
gstep.destep = 0;
gstep.nmec = 0;
gstep.pid = 0;
//transport particles
for (Int_t i=0;i<10000;i++) {
//generate a new particle if necessary
if (newParticle) {
px = gRandom->Gaus(0,.02);
py = gRandom->Gaus(0,.02);
pz = gRandom->Gaus(0,.02);
p = TMath::Sqrt(px*px+py*py+pz*pz);
charge = 1; if (gRandom->Rndm() < 0.5) charge = -1;
gstep.pid += 1;
gstep.vect[0] = 0;
gstep.vect[1] = 0;
gstep.vect[2] = 0;
gstep.vect[3] = px/p;
gstep.vect[4] = py/p;
gstep.vect[5] = pz/p;
gstep.vect[6] = p*charge;
gstep.getot = TMath::Sqrt(p*p + mass*mass);
gstep.gekin = gstep.getot - mass;
newParticle = kFALSE;
}
// fill the Tree with current step parameters
t2.Fill();
//transport particle in magnetic field
helixStep(gstep.step, gstep.vect, vout); //make one step
//apply energy loss
gstep.destep = gstep.step*gRandom->Gaus(0.0002,0.00001);
gstep.gekin -= gstep.destep;
gstep.getot = gstep.gekin + mass;
gstep.vect[6] = charge*TMath::Sqrt(gstep.getot*gstep.getot - mass*mass);
gstep.vect[0] = vout[0];
gstep.vect[1] = vout[1];
gstep.vect[2] = vout[2];
gstep.vect[3] = vout[3];
gstep.vect[4] = vout[4];
gstep.vect[5] = vout[5];
gstep.nmec = (Int_t)(5*gRandom->Rndm());
for (Int_t l=0;l<gstep.nmec;l++) gstep.lmec[l] = l;
if (gstep.gekin < 0.001) newParticle = kTRUE;
if (TMath::Abs(gstep.vect[2]) > 30) newParticle = kTRUE;
}
//save the Tree header. The file will be automatically closed
//when going out of the function scope
t2.Write();
}
void tree2r()
{
//read the Tree generated by tree2w and fill one histogram
//we are only interested by the destep branch.
//note that we use "new" to create the TFile and TTree objects !
//because we want to keep these objects alive when we leave
//this function.
TFile *f = new TFile("tree2.root");
TTree *t2 = (TTree*)f->Get("t2");
static Float_t destep;
TBranch *b_destep = t2->GetBranch("destep");
b_destep->SetAddress(&destep);
//create one histogram
TH1F *hdestep = new TH1F("hdestep","destep in Mev",100,1e-5,3e-5);
//read only the destep branch for all entries
for (Long64_t i=0;i<nentries;i++) {
b_destep->GetEntry(i);
hdestep->Fill(destep);
}
//we do not close the file.
//We want to keep the generated histograms
//We fill a 3-d scatter plot with the particle step coordinates
TCanvas *c1 = new TCanvas("c1","c1",600,800);
c1->SetFillColor(42);
c1->Divide(1,2);
c1->cd(1);
hdestep->SetFillColor(45);
hdestep->Fit("gaus");
c1->cd(2);
gPad->SetFillColor(37);
t2->SetMarkerColor(kRed);
t2->Draw("vect[0]:vect[1]:vect[2]");
// Allow to use the TTree after the end of the function.
}
void tree2() {
tree2w();
tree2r();
}
Author
Rene Brun

Definition in file tree2.C.

l
auto * l
Definition: textangle.C:4
TRandom::Gaus
virtual Double_t Gaus(Double_t mean=0, Double_t sigma=1)
Samples a random number from the standard Normal (Gaussian) Distribution with the given mean and sigm...
Definition: TRandom.cxx:263
kTRUE
const Bool_t kTRUE
Definition: RtypesCore.h:91
e
#define e(i)
Definition: RSha256.hxx:121
f
#define f(i)
Definition: RSha256.hxx:122
Long64_t
long long Long64_t
Definition: RtypesCore.h:73
TTree
Definition: TTree.h:79
TMath::Sqrt
Double_t Sqrt(Double_t x)
Definition: TMath.h:691
TRandom.h
Float_t
float Float_t
Definition: RtypesCore.h:57
Int_t
int Int_t
Definition: RtypesCore.h:45
nentries
int nentries
Definition: THbookFile.cxx:91
TMath::Abs
Short_t Abs(Short_t d)
Definition: TMathBase.h:120
TTree::Fill
virtual Int_t Fill()
Fill all branches.
Definition: TTree.cxx:4527
TCanvas.h
TTree.h
Bool_t
bool Bool_t
Definition: RtypesCore.h:63
TFile.h
TTree::Write
virtual Int_t Write(const char *name=0, Int_t option=0, Int_t bufsize=0)
Write this object to the current directory.
Definition: TTree.cxx:9563
TBranch
Definition: TBranch.h:89
TTree::GetBranch
virtual TBranch * GetBranch(const char *name)
Return pointer to the branch with the given name in this tree or its friends.
Definition: TTree.cxx:5210
TTree::Branch
TBranch * Branch(const char *name, T *obj, Int_t bufsize=32000, Int_t splitlevel=99)
Add a new branch, and infer the data type from the type of obj being passed.
Definition: TTree.h:349
kFALSE
const Bool_t kFALSE
Definition: RtypesCore.h:92
TBranch::GetEntry
virtual Int_t GetEntry(Long64_t entry=0, Int_t getall=0)
Read all leaves of entry and return total number of bytes read.
Definition: TBranch.cxx:1582
TH1::Fill
virtual Int_t Fill(Double_t x)
Increment bin with abscissa X by 1.
Definition: TH1.cxx:3274
gRandom
R__EXTERN TRandom * gRandom
Definition: TRandom.h:62
TTree::Draw
virtual void Draw(Option_t *opt)
Default Draw method for all objects.
Definition: TTree.h:427
TRandom::Rndm
virtual Double_t Rndm()
Machine independent random number generator.
Definition: TRandom.cxx:541
TBranch::SetAddress
virtual void SetAddress(void *add)
Set address of this branch.
Definition: TBranch.cxx:2522
kRed
@ kRed
Definition: Rtypes.h:66
TH2.h
TFile
Definition: TFile.h:54
f1
TF1 * f1
Definition: legend1.C:11
TCanvas
Definition: TCanvas.h:23
TH1F
1-D histogram with a float per channel (see TH1 documentation)}
Definition: TH1.h:572
gPad
#define gPad
Definition: TVirtualPad.h:287
TH1::Fit
virtual TFitResultPtr Fit(const char *formula, Option_t *option="", Option_t *goption="", Double_t xmin=0, Double_t xmax=0)
Fit histogram with function fname.
Definition: TH1.cxx:3807
TTree::ResetBranchAddresses
virtual void ResetBranchAddresses()
Tell all of our branches to drop their current objects and allocate new ones.
Definition: TTree.cxx:7937
TTree::GetEntries
virtual Long64_t GetEntries() const
Definition: TTree.h:458
snext
#define snext(osub1, osub2)
Definition: triangle.c:1167
TMath.h
c1
return c1
Definition: legend1.C:41