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Unuran

Universal Non Uniform Random number generator for generating non uniform pseudo-random numbers.

UNU.RAN, (Universal Non Uniform Random number generator for generating non uniform pseudo-random numbers) is an ANSI C library licensed under GPL.
It contains universal (also called automatic or black-box) algorithms that can generate random numbers from large classes of continuous or discrete distributions, and also from practically all standard distributions. An extensive online documentation are available at the (UNU.RAN Web Site)[http://statistik.wu-wien.ac.at/unuran/]

New classes have been introduced to use the UNU.RAN C library from ROOT and C++ from ROOT and using C++ objects. To use UNU.RAN one needs always an instance of the class TUnuran. It can then be used in two distinct ways:

• using the UNU.RAN native string API for pre-defined distributions (seeUNU.RAN documentation for the string API):
TUnuran unr;
//initialize unuran to generate normal random numbers using a "arou" method
unr.Init("normal()","method=arou");
//......
// sample distributions N times (generate N random numbers)
for (int i = 0; i &lt; N; ++i)
double x = unr.Sample();
#define N
TUnuran class.
Definition TUnuran.h:79
bool Init(const std::string &distr, const std::string &method)
Initialize with Unuran string API interface.
Definition TUnuran.cxx:75
double Sample()
Sample 1D distribution.
Definition TUnuran.cxx:427
Double_t x[n]
Definition legend1.C:17
• Using a distribution object. We have then the following cases depending on the dimension and the distribution object.
• For 1D distribution the class TUnuranContDist must be used.

Some of this information is required depending on the chosen UNURAN generation method.

//1D case: create a distribution from two TF1 object pointers pdfFunc
TUnuranContDist dist( pdfFunc);
//initialize unuran passing the distribution and a string defining the method
unr.Init(dist, "method=hinv");
// sample distribution N times (generate N random numbers)
for (int i = 0; i &lt; N; ++i)
double x = unr.Sample();
TUnuranContDist class describing one dimensional continuous distribution.
• For multi-dimensional distribution the class TUnuranMultiContDist must be used. In this case only the multi-dimensional pdf is required
//Multi-Dim case from a TF1 (or TF2 or TF3) object describing a multi-dimensional function
TUnuranMultiContDist dist( pdfFuncMulti);
// the recommended method for multi-dimensional function is "hitro"
unr.Init(dist, "method=hitro");
// sample distribution N times (generate N random numbers)
double x[NDIM];
for (int i = 0; i &lt; N; ++i)
TUnuranMultiContDist class describing multi dimensional continuous distributions.
bool SampleMulti(double *x)
Sample multidimensional distributions.
Definition TUnuran.cxx:434
• For discrete distribution the class TUnuranDiscrDist must be used. The distribution can be initialized from a TF1 or from a vector of probabilities.
// create distribution from a vector of probabilities
double pv[NSize] = {0.1,0.2,.......};
TUnuranDiscrDist dist(pv, pv+NSize);
// the recommended method for discrete distribution is
unr.Init(dist, "method=dgt");
// sample N times (generate N random numbers)
for (int i = 0; i &lt; N; ++i)
int k = unr.SampleDiscr();
TUnuranDiscrDist class for one dimensional discrete distribution.
int SampleDiscr()
Sample discrete distributions.
Definition TUnuran.cxx:420
• For empirical distribution the class TUnuranEmpDist must be used. In this case one can generate random numbers from a set of data (un-binned) in one or multi-dimension or from a set of binned data in one dimension (similar to TH1::GetRandom() ).
• For unbin data the parent distribution is estimated by UNU.RAN using a gaussian kernel smoothing algorithm. One can create the distribution class directly from a vector of data or from the buffer of TH1.
// create distribution from a set of data 1D
// vdata is an std::vector containing the data
TUnuranEmpDist dist( vdata.begin(),vdata.end());
unr.Init(dist);
// sample N times (generate N random numbers)
for (int i = 0; i &lt; N; ++i)
double x = unr.Sample();
TUnuranEmpDist class for describing empirical distributions.
• In the case of multi-dimension empirical distributions one needs to pass in addition to the iterators, the data dimension. It is assumed that the data are stored in the vector in this order : (x0,y0,...),(x1,y1,....).
• For binned data (only one dimensional data are supported) one uses directly the histogram
// create an empirical distribution from an histogram
// if the histogram has a buffer one must use TUnuranEmpDist(h1,false)
TH1 * h1 = ... // histogram pointer
TUnuranEmpDist binDist( h1);
unr.Init(binDist);
// sample N times (generate N random numbers)
for (int i = 0; i &lt; N; ++i)
double x = unr.Sample();
TH1 is the base class of all histogram classes in ROOT.
Definition TH1.h:59
TH1F * h1
Definition legend1.C:5
• This is equivalent to TH1::GetRandom(), but sampling is faster, therefore, since it requires some initialization time, it becomes convenient when generating a large sample of random numbers.

Functionality is also provided via the C++ classes for using a different random number generator by passing a TRandom pointer when constructing the TUnuran class (by default the ROOT gRandom is passed to UNURAN).

The (UNU.RAN documentation)[http://statistik.wu-wien.ac.at/unuran/doc/unuran.html#Top] provides a detailed description of all the available methods and the possible options which one can pass to UNU.RAN for the various distributions.

## Classes

class  TUnuran
TUnuran class. More...

class  TUnuranBaseDist
TUnuranBaseDist, base class for Unuran distribution classes such as TUnuranContDist (for one-dimension) or TUnuranMultiContDist (multi-dimension) More...

class  TUnuranContDist
TUnuranContDist class describing one dimensional continuous distribution. More...

class  TUnuranDiscrDist
TUnuranDiscrDist class for one dimensional discrete distribution. More...

class  TUnuranEmpDist
TUnuranEmpDist class for describing empirical distributions. More...

class  TUnuranMultiContDist
TUnuranMultiContDist class describing multi dimensional continuous distributions. More...

class  TUnuranSampler
TUnuranSampler class class implementing the ROOT::Math::DistSampler interface using the UNU.RAN package for sampling distributions. More...